There are a lot of confusions regarding the commonly used Cloud Computing Terms. With such rapid growth in Cloud Computing, the terms which are used on a daily basis in the industry should be understood by everyone. To know more about the common Cloud Computing terms, keep reading.
Cloud Computing has been around for more than any of us could’ve imagined. Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider, in the 1960s, is said to have introduced the Cloud Computing ideology to connect people and data from any location at any given point of time. In 1983, Compuserve offered a small disk space to their customers which they could use to store any type of data. Soon after that, AT&T launched Personalink Services in 1994. It was an online platform for personal and business communication and entrepreneurship.
Following this, a company named Box announced an online file sharing and Cloud Computing platform in 2005. In 2006, AWS introduced their AWS S3. AWS became the storage suppliers to popular services such as SmugMug, Dropbox and Pinterest. Cloud Computing started growing at an incredibly fast pace after this.
In simple words, Cloud Computing is the on-demand availability of Computer System Resources, especially storage and computing power. This data is made available without direct active management by the user. The Cloud Computing industry is booming, but there are still some people who are not yet aware of what Cloud Computing terms are and what they actually mean.
Therefore, here are the 50 most commonly used Cloud Computing Terms. A better understanding of these terms will enable the users to make optimum use of Cloud Computing in the most efficient way.
50 Common Cloud Computing Terms
1] Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)
Amazon EC2 is an online service offering secured, protected and resizable capacity to compute in the cloud. The web service provided by Amazon EC2 is simple, which allows users to obtain and configure the compute capacity with the least friction. It makes web-scale cloud computing trouble-free and easier for users.
2] Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3)
It is a storage service that allows to recover and retrieve any amount of data, any time, from the Internet. It also helps to make web-scale computing easier for developers.
3] Apache Hadoop
It is a web system of open source components. It alters the way organisations store, process and analyses their data. Moreover, unlike traditional and stereotypical systems, Hadoop allows multiple analytic workloads to run on the same data and at the same time. The most recognised distribution of Hadoop is CDH, Cloudera’s open-source Platform.
It is an organisational unit of Amazon that comes up with a variety of cloud services. It operates from 11 physical locations across North and South America, Australia, Asia, and Europe.
5] Content Delivery Network (CDN)
Cloud is a term used as a metaphor in a generalised manner. It represents the global network over the Internet all around. Although, previously it was used in reference to the telephonic system.
7] Cloud Portability
As the name suggests, cloud portability makes the data in the cloud portable. It helps to move the data and applications stored in one cloud into another.
8] Cloud Provider
Cloud Service Provider (CSP) or Cloud Provider is an organisation or a company that provides with some of the cloud computing components to other businesses or individuals. These services are storage, application, or Infrastructure. These are in terms of Infrastructure as a service (IaaS), Platform as a service (PaaS), or Software as a service (SaaS).
9] Cloud Sourcing
This service includes replacing IT operations with other outsourced, or lower-cost cloud services.
10] Cloud Storage
This service enables customers to save the data transferred over the Internet or to any other offsite system if storage that is managed by a completely different organisation.
A software that allows generating, positioning and deploying, and managing the applications and the data in the cloud.
A cluster refers to a group of, any computers that work as a single computer, for high accessibility and load stabilisation.
13] Consumer cloud
These are the targeted offerings that include, Dropbox or iCloud, meant for user’s usage.
14] Consumption-based pricing model
It is a pricing model that charges its customers based on the amount of service used by the customer. Like, a cloud storage charger might charge per gigabyte of information stored in the data.
15] Content Management Interoperability Services (CMIS)
It is used to control document management systems and content repositories using web protocols.
16] Consumer self-service
This feature allows customers to manage and terminate the services themselves via a web interface or programmatic calls to service APIs. Thus, these don’t involve the service provider.
17] Disruptive technology
This term is in a complete way used in businesses. It includes the methods that upgrade the products and services in unexpected ways. It can completely alter the means to accomplish a task and even re-shape the market for that task.
It provides Platform-as-a-service (PaaS), is a tool designed to make it easier to create, deploy and run applications using containers. With a container, the developer can package up a form with all its needed parts, altogether.
19] Elastic computing
It is a type of cloud computing; wherein, the cloud service provider can quickly scale up and scale down the computing resources. It enables the cloud service provider to provide with flexible computing power, when and wherever needed.
20] External Cloud
These include any private or public cloud services that are provided by a third party outside the organisation.
21] Google App Engine
It is a service by which the developers can create and run their applications on Google’s Infrastructure. Here, the developers can also share their applications via a pay-as-you-go consumption-based plan. It does not ask of any setup costs or recurring fees.
22] Google Apps
It is Google’s product, which is a type of Software-as-a-service. It includes an office productivity suite, email, calendar, and file storage and sharing. There are Google Apps for business and Google Apps for Education under this product as well.
23] Hardware as a Service (HaaS)
These are managed services where a central provider leases the computer power. Here also, just like service-based models, users rent (rather than purchase) a provider’s tech assets.
24] Hosted Application
It is a software that allows a user to use application software. The user can host it in the cloud on a subscription basis.
25] Hybrid Cloud
A hybrid cloud makes use of all the clouds, that is, private cloud, on-premises cloud and a third-party cloud. Thus, by making use of all these clouds, companies host both sensitive and critical workloads.
26] Infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS)
It is a service-oriented model. It sends the computer infrastructure on an outsourced basis to support the operations of the enterprise.
27] Internal Cloud
As the name suggests, it is a cloud computing service model. It is developed inside an organisation’s infrastructure and resources. An organisation’s cloud computing environment is fully controlled and facilitated by the virtualisation mechanisms, shared storage and network resources applied by the internal clouds.
28] Microsoft Azure
It is a public cloud computing platform. It includes Platform as a service (PaaS), Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) and Software as a service (SaaS). These can be used for various functions such as storage, networking and analytics.
29] Microsoft 365
It is an integrated bundle of Office 365, Windows 10 and Enterprise Mobility + Security. It is sold on a subscription basis.
It is software, connecting applications and operating systems. It has some set of services that enable interoperability in support of distributed architectures by passing data between applications. For example, a user can access the data in one database through another database.
This refers to the sharing of resources on different physical hardware by many clients (multiple clients). Since the nature of the cloud is on-demand, most of the services are multi-tenant.
32] On-demand Service
This service allows the customer to purchase the cloud services as per requirement. The customer can also buy additional services for a particular duration.
This is an open-source and free cloud computing software. It is used to control the storage, processing, and networking of the resources in a data-centre.
PaaS referred to as Platform as a Service, is a cloud computing model wherein a third organisation or a party delivers all the Software and hardware tools. A PaaS provider is known to host these tools on its Infrastructure.
35] Pay as you go
It is a model for cloud computing services that charge for providing both subscription-based and consumption-based models. It does not require any upfront capital expenditures for the hardware and software tools.
36] Private cloud
This is a closed platform providing cloud services to some private internal network to select users. Here the services are not unavailable freely to the general public.
37] Public cloud
The services here provided are to the general public. Anyone can easily access these services by purchasing them as the services they provide are over the open Internet.
38] Software as a Service (SaaS)
Software as a service is the cloud application services that are delivered to the customers directly over the Internet by the providers. The applications don’t have to be purchased. These can be downloaded, installed and made to run on the computers of the customers. SaaS providers were previously referred to as application service providers.
This is an online SaaS company. It is best known for delivering customer relationship management (CRM) software to the companies over the Internet.
40] Service migration
As the name suggests, it is an act of migrating or moving from one cloud service (or service provider) to another.
41] Service provider
It can be either a company, an organisation, or an individual that provides the public or private cloud services to the customers.
42] Service Level Agreement (SLA)
It is a contract based and documented agreement made between the cloud service provider and its external or internal customers. It states what services will be provided to the customers and defines the service standards the provider is obligated to meet.
43] Social Networking Service (SNS)
This is a service used in enterprises for various tasks. These include collaboration, file sharing, and knowledge transfer. Thus, it is often called enterprise social software, that differentiates between “traditional” SNS platforms such as Facebook or LinkedIn.
44] Social plus services
It is an initiative of Microsoft. It provides traditional Software along with a suite of cloud-hosted services. It offers enterprise-level solutions. SPS is a vision to create a pool of services and solutions that reach across every possible personal or business computing requirement.
45] Subscription-based pricing model
This model enables the customers to use a service for a particular period by paying for it. It is often used for SaaS services.
46] Utility computing
It is a provisioning model that provides the users with the services for which they pay. These services can be different and specific for different users.
47] Vendor lock-in
It is a situation in which a customer deploying the services or products of one vendor, cannot make a transition to those of the other. This fear of vendor lock-in is frequently cited as a significant hindrance to a particular cloud service adoption.
48] Vertical cloud
Vertical cloud is an environment for cloud computing. It is utilised for the use and built around the amenable and compliance needs of specialised industries. These industries include Government operations, healthcare, and financial services.
49] Virtual private data centre
Here the resources are assembled and categorised according to their specific business objectives.
50] Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
It is a type of Private cloud, existing within a shared or public cloud. It includes clouds like Amazon VPC that allows Amazon EC2 to connect to legacy infrastructure on an IPsec VPN.
Cloud Computing is the need of the hour, and almost every organisation has either implemented or is planning to adopt Cloud Computing practices. The above mentioned are the most commonly used terms in the industry. If one understands these terms, they’ll be able to function very well and plan well for their organisation.
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